China is a country with numerous rivers flowing through it which are over 50,000 in number. These important waterways serve the country in various ways. Some are used to generate hydroelectric power, some for irrigation and navigation while others provide breathtaking scenic beauty to attract tourists. The course of most of the rivers in China takes an eastward or southern direction, emptying into the ocean. Therefore, the huge span of river valleys occupies almost two-thirds of the country’s territory.
The following discussion provides information about the most important rivers in China.
Popular as Chang Jiang in China, Yangtze is the longest river of the Asia and holds the title of the third largest river in the world. In addition, Yangtze makes another world record by having the highest source – 5,000 meters above sea level – among all the major rivers of the world. It begins its long journey from Qinghai where the river emerges from the glaciers of Qinghai-Tibet plateau. The river covers a distance of 6,300 kilometers and finally empties into the East China Sea. Through its course, Yangtze drains one-fifth of the country’s land with a basin covering 1,808,500 square kilometers of area.
The Yangtze River is surrounded by beautiful scenery which is one of the major attractions for tourists visiting the People’s Republic of China. It emerges from remote mountains and passes through canyon gorges as well as areas of connecting lakes and other interesting waterways. The river has been serving as a source of water and fish, a means of transport and a boundary for thousands of years.
More interesting information about Asia’s longest river is discussed below.
The second longest of the rivers in China, the Yellow River, flows for 5,464 kilometers. In China, the river is popularly known as Huang He. It carries immense historical significance and is also known as the “cradle of Chinese Civilization”. The river’s basin, covering an area of 752,000 square kilometers, is where the ancient Chinese civilization was born. According to the records of early Chinese history, it was an extremely prosperous region.
The Yellow River emerges from the Bayan Har Mountains in the province of Qinghai. During its course, it crosses nine different provinces of the country and meets its fate in the province of Shandong where it flows into the Bohai Sea.
Go through the following interesting facts about the Yellow River.
Heilongjiang ranks as the world’s tenth longest river with a length of 4,444 kilometers. Also known as River Amur, it carries political importance since it forms the border between the Northeastern part of China and the Far East Russia. It emerges from the hills of Manchuria where the Shika River and Ergune River converge together to form the Heilongjiang River. From there, it flows through a winding course to reach its final destination – the Strait of Tartary in the Pacific Ocean.
Find out more about this interesting river in the following facts.
Known as Songhua Jiang in China, the river is the major tributary of Heilongjiang. It originates from the Changbai Mountains and flows through the Chinese provinces of Jilin and Heilongjiang. Through its course, Songhua Jiang covers 1,434 kilometers.
Go through the following informative facts about the Songari River.
In China, the Pearl River is known as Zhu Jiang. It is also referred to as Gangdong or Canton River. It is an important river system in the southern part of China. The system consists of watersheds of Xi Jiang, Bei Jiang and Dong Jiang – the West, North and East Rivers respectively. These rivers are deemed as the tributaries of Zhu Jiang as they all share the Pearl River Delta. The following facts reveal more information about this river.
One of Asia’s major rivers, Tsangpo-Brahmaputra River crosses international borders and flows through three countries – China, Bangladesh and India. The total length of the gigantic waterway is 2,900 kilometers. It emerges from the Himalayas of Tibet and flows into the Bay of Bengal to join the Indian Ocean.
Here are some informative facts about Tsangpo-Brahmaputra River.
The Mekong River is one of the longest rivers in Asia. It flows through six different countries of the southeastern part of continent and covers a length of 4,350 kilometers. It emerges from Lasagongma Spring in the Tibet Plateau and flows to the Mekong Delta. Its huge basin area covers 795,000 square kilometers and is home to around sixty million people. The following facts provide more information about the river.
Although shorter than the other major rivers of China, Ruo Shui is an important river system which flows through the northern part of China. It emerges from Qilian Mountains and flows for 630 kilometers. Its course takes the river to the Gobi desert towards its mouth located in Badain Jaran Playa.
The following facts provide more information about the Ruo Shui.
The above discussion has provided information and interesting facts about some of the most popular and important rivers of China. The country abounds in waterways which provide its population with multiple precious resources.
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